Archaeological Site of Aigai

Background:

  • Name: Archaeological Site of Aigai
  • Location: Greece
  • Date Added: 1996
  • Criteria: The site was nominated for two criteria: (i) for containing high quality and highly important paintings and (iii) for its value on the development of the European civilization and for containing tombs that royalty were placed in.
  • Total number of Mixed and Cultural Heritage Sites Located in Greece: Seventeen

Basic Archaeological Site Information:

  • Site Size: Property: 1,421 ha; Buffer Zone: 4,812 ha
  • Time Period: 1100 BC-700 BC
  • Cultural Period: Iron Age
  • There are grave remains from the 5th and 6th centuries B.C. that show a link with Greek centres of Eastern Iona and the south.

Archaeological Summary:

The Archaeological Site of Aigai is a city located in northern Greece near Vergina.  It’s former name was the Archaeological Site of Verina.  This site represents an important transition in the European civilization: the transition from city-state to the imperial structure of the Hellenistic and Roman periods.  It is the first capital of the Kingdom Macedonia and was discovered in the nineteenth century.  This site contains various important important remnants and buildings such as the monumental palace and the necropolis.

The monumental palace, which is so far the most important building that has been discovered, is located on a plateau underneath the acropolis.  It is shown to have been two or three stories high and “the rooms were used for religious, administrative, and political functions”( http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/780). The necropolis, which is the best known feature of the site, is three kilometers long and contains the Cemetery of Tumuli in the middle of it.  It has over 300 grave-mounds, one of which is said to be the burial of Phillip II.  His elegant casket which is gold and weighs 11 kilograms helped archeologists discover that the person that belonged to the casket was of higher power.

Threats/Status: There are no known threats to this site at this time.

Links/Media:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/780

http://www.worldheritagesite.org/sites/vergina.html

Archaeological Site of Aigai (modern name Vergina)

Photo from:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/780

Title: Macedonia royal tombs, Vergina

Author: Rufus210

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