Name of Site: Archaeological Site of Mystras
Year added to the World Heritage List: 1989
Criteria site was nominated for: (ii): to exhibit an important interchange of human values over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. (iii): to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared. (iv): to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage(s) in human history.
Number of Cultural or Mixed Heritage Sites in Greece: 17
Basic Archaeological Site Information:
Size of archaeological site: 54 ha
Time period the site represents: 14th century
Cultural period that site is from: Middle Ages
Cultural group associated with the site: Greeks and Crusaders
Mystras, was created when Greece was being dived by the Crusaders in 1204. It started off as just a Castle established by Guillaume de Villehardouin and eventually was turned in to a city when Sparta ran away to Mystras.
In the 14th century, Mystras become a center for artists to refuge and blossomed like never before. This city was known to be very intellectual and many people enjoyed it. In 1460, Turkish hands took over and the city fell to their rule. 42.000 people lived in this city but it lost its grand status. In 1825 the city ended in a tragic fire.
Today, Archaeologists can find churches, a monastery, some walls and roads. From these things, one can only imagine what it was like to live in a place like this at that time. The cobble stone roads are very genuine and give an impression that you’re walking through the 14th century. Mystras from what I read, is an intellectual place to this day.It would be interesting for people who want to learn more about it and for archaeologists to discover more history of Greece.
Threats/Status: There are no archaeological threats in this area at this time.
(The cobble stone pathways that I mentioned in the summary are shown in the above picture.)