- Name: Archaelolgical Site of Troy
- Country: Turkey
- Year added to the World Heritage List: 1998
- Criteria: II: To exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design. III: To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared. VI: To be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.
- Number of Cultural/Mixed Sites in Turkey: 9.
Basic Site Information:
- Site Size: 110m by phase I.
- Time Period: 3000 BC- 267 AD.
- Cultural Period: Early Bronze Age to the Roman Period.
- Cultural Group associated with the site: Greeks; Romans.
The site of Troy is unique because it provides an area in which a succession of civilizations lived for more than 3,000 years. It’s remains are extensive and significant in showing the contact of the civilizations of the Near East and the Mediterranean world.
The city was built and expanded twice, the last time being around 2500 BC. In 2000 BC, houses and buildings were reconstructed with stone. Goods being imported from cities in Greece suggests the importance of trading in this area. The Trojan War occurred around 1250 BC when the Greeks took Troy. In 188 BC it was taken by the Romans and recognized as the mother city of Rome and was exempt from taxes. It was then abandoned in the 9th century, reoccupied in the Byzantine peroid, then totally deserted into the Ottoman period.
Troy is associated with two specific works of classic literature, Homer’s The Iliad, and Virgil’s The Aeneid, which have both influenced literature universally, as well as in western civilization, and of which correspond with the culture and geographical information of the site.
- There are no known threats to this site.