Rapa Nui National Park



Background: The Rapa Nui National Park is located in Chile on Ester Island. This archeological site was added to the World Heritage List in 1995. The site was nominated

because it contains archaeological support that constitutes an excellent and unique cultural heritage. The site was chosen based on the criteria ( i, iii, v) that it represents a masterpiece of human creative genius, it also bears a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition, and last because it is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement or land-use that represents culture. Houses and ceremonial villages, petroglyphs, and wall paintings are all found on this site. Rapa Nui National park is one out of four heritage sites located in Chile.

Time Period: 300 AD

Archaeological Summary: Polynesians settled Rap Nui around 300 AD. The Polynesians are thought to have come from Marquesas because they brought with them an entirely Stone Age society.

Small settlements began to set up around the 10th and 16th century. The members of the community built immense stone figures and shrines. In the 16th century the community divided itself into two separate groups. These groups were frequently involved in warfare.

In 1888 Chile annexed the small island because they felt that it had strategic and economic potential. They soon found that they were wrong because the island was not agriculturally profitable. In 1953 the Chilean Navy took control of the island because the lease of the company running the operation was revoked. 

Background: The Rapa Nui National Park is located in Chile on Ester Island. This archeological site was added to the World Heritage List in 1995. The site was nominated because it contains archaeological support that constitutes an excellent and unique cultural heritage. The site was chosen based on the criteria ( i, iii, v) that it represents a masterpiece of human creative genius, it also bears a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition, and last because it is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement or land-use that represents culture. Houses and ceremonial villages, petroglyphs, and wall paintings are all found on this site. Rapa Nui National park is one out of four heritage sites located in Chile.

 

Time Period: 300 AD

 

Archaeological Summary: Polynesians settled Rap Nui around 300 AD. The Polynesians are thought to have come from Marquesas because they brought with them an entirely Stone Age society.

 

Small settlements began to set up around the 10th and 16th century. The members of the community built immense stone figures and shrines. In the 16th century the community divided itself into two separate groups. These groups were frequently involved in warfare.

 

In 1888 Chile annexed the small island because they felt that it had strategic and economic potential. They soon found that they were wrong because the island was not agriculturally profitable. In 1953 the Chilean Navy took control of the island because the lease of the company running the operation was revoked.

 

Links:

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/715/

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/715/documents/

http://whc.unesco.org/archive/advisory_body_evaluation/715.pdf

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