Old City of Jerusalem and Its Walls
The name of this archaeological cites that stands out among all of the holy historic monuments are the Dome of the Rock. Jerusalem is the largest city in Israel and is considered the Old City. It was added to the World Heritage List in 1981 because of meeting the following criteria. (ii) which reads as such, “to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design;” this is written in the criteria for the World Heritage site. Another category within the criteria that this site possesses is from group (iii) which says, “to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared;” The final category from the criteria is section (vi) which states, “to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria);” Given the history to this historical site with all of its world and cultural history, it is clearly in the worlds best interest to conserve this sacred site that has connections with religions around the world.
In early Islamic history, the Dome of The Rock was the greatest monumental building and was created or designed by Byzantine. The dome measures twenty meter high and ten meters in diameter. The supporting structure around the dome was made of lead and originally covered in pure gold. Now this is anodized aluminum. Different churches in Jerusalem formed the sacred foundation stone that encircles the sixteen arches, but this was destroyed during the Persian rule in 614 AD. This dome is in direct representation of the three original religions and not only Islamic. In The Advisory Body Evaluation, it is known that this city was responsible for the three great monotheistic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islamism that historically stretches over the entire world in significance. The Dome of The Rock has incredible religious architecture holds prehistory life from early ancient civilizations that are attached to believe religions of this date.
As of today threats remain of important topic. Because of the uncontrolled urban development and tourist impact and lack of maintenance do to the fact that there is not a general agreement as to the cities status and whom is to maintain these structures. If this site can be of international interest there is more hope of preserving its unique connection to the world and its religious developments.