Sickness/Wounds in The Price of Stones

Price of Stones Note Taking Assignment

Topic: Sickness/Wounds

Chapter 1:

Pg 7: Boys who are malnourished- stomachs swollen with kwashiorkor, due to protein deficiency.

Chapter 2:

Pg 12: Health and well being are seen as luxuries, not rights. Slim, slang for AIDS was detected in Uganda in 1982. By 1991 15% of Ugandan adults were thought to have the disease; in cities, 30% of pregnant women were infected.

Pg 12/13: Hundreds of people died of slim. Sex workers spread HIV/AIDS to their villages. In 1994, effective drug regimens became available in parts of Africa, but many Ugandans relied on shamans and homemade remedies.

Pg 14: Many people avoided the HIV/AIDS problem by shunning those with the disease and ignoring it.

Pg 15: Museveni’s officers contracted HIV/AIDS, forcing him to confront the issue. Condom use encouraged as well as prevention billboards and educational brochures passed out.

Chapter 3:

Pg 24: Frank, Twesigye’s brother complains of ulcers.

Pg 25: Slim rips one family apart at a time.

Chapter 4:

Pg 28-31: Frank is ill, but Twesigye thinks he may have malaria, the flu, or a parasite. He has AIDS. He suffered with headaches and vomiting, becoming more slim and weak. Skeletal, gaunt, wasted. He was coughing up blood-laced phlegm, his throat inflamed with sores. He died of AIDS, the illness that was killing nearly 100,000 Ugandans a year.

Chapter 5:

Pg 36- 40: Twesigye falls out of a tree, a stump going through his left thigh. At first, there was a gaping wound, but no blood, but as he sat down after pulling some shards out and walking home, the wound gushed blood and was wrapped in a shirt. He was carried to the hospital. The doctor was not in, and he had to wait to remove the rest of the wood. He was given penicillin shots to reduce a fever and anesthesia in order to clean and stitch the wound.

Chapter 6:

Pg 43: Mbabazi, Twesigye’s oldest sister has AIDS and is bedridden by November 1996. She died. Gaddafi also had slim.

Pg 50: There are almost 2 million orpahsn in Uganda due to the AIDS crisis in Africa. Because of the stigma of AIDS, many children are abandoned, people assuming that they will die from it soon too.

Chapter 7:

Pg 54: Maama was adamant about preventing malaria by keeping the shutters tight at night to keep out mosquitoes.

Chapter 8:

Pg 64: Twesigye comes up with the idea to build a school for HIV/AIDS orphans; he uses his money he was saving for a house.

Pg 65: A produce truck passes, but with no food in it. Instead there is a family and a casket, killed by AIDS.

Chapter 9:

No discussion of sickness/wounds.

Chapter 10:

Pg 86: A student, Denis, had been chastised and beaten by people who knew his parents died of AIDS. There were four thousand AIDS orphans in the Kambuga area.

Pg 87: January 2, 2003, the Nyaka AIDS Orphans School was opened.

Chapter 11:

Pg 88-89: The Bloomington Herald Times published an article on the front page, reading: “School Serving AIDS Orphans: Bloomington Couple Leading Effort to Help Ugandan Children Who Have Lost Parents to AIDS” after an interview.

Chapter 12:

Pg 94: Grants and funding organizations were being looked into for the school. A group in Canada called the Stephen Lewis Foundation worked toward helping “ease the pain of HIV/AIDS in Africa at the grassroots level.”

Pg 97: Waterborne illness is a problem, so a $12,000 gravity-fed water system was proposed.

Pg 98: AIDS students begin to overcome the stigma of the disease their parents died of and become more confident.

Chapter 13:

Pg 104: Bruno, a 13-year-old is living on his own because both of his parents died. He also attends Nyaka School, but has the responsibilities of having his own house and being alone.

Chapter 14:

No discussion of sickness/wounds.

Chapter 15:

Pg 111: Eva- Her father adopted the polygamous tradition and contracted HIV/AIDS from his second wife, also giving it to her mother. Both of her parents died soon after.

Pg 114: Fiona’s grandmother lost all five of her children and their spouses to AIDS and now had to take care of her grandchildren.

Chapter 16:

Pg 122-123: Sempa was in a monogamous relationship with his wife and contracted HIV. His wife and two of his daughters were HIV positive. The family was believed to be infected through unsafe medical procedures. The HIV virus was often spread from one woman to another in a hospital when undergoing a Cesarean section. The family took anti-AIDS drugs.

Pg 124: Many students became ill with malaria despite mosquito netting provided by the school.

Chapter 17:

Pg 132: A man named Milton was beaten because it was thought that he had stolen a box of calling cards off of a bus. His head was bleeding and his eye swollen shut. He is blind in one eye. He was innocent.

Chapter 18:

Pg 136: The school formed an Anti-AIDS Choir.

Pg 137: Scovia was born with HIV. When she was 9, she came down with infections and malaria, lost weight and developed spots of Kaposi’s sarcoma which is how the HIV was discovered. She developed AIDS.

Pg 138: The stigma of AIDS was not good, orphans are often ostracized because they were assumed to have the disease that killed their parents and were not worth nurturing. The school put on a play demonstrating the destructiveness of HIV/AIDS to families and communities.

Chapter 19:

Pg 147: Ben, Twesigye’s childhood friend, almost drowned and had bloodshot eyes and was not breathing, but lived.

Chapter 20:

Pg 150: Allan is a physically handicapped student at Nyaka School and has to crawl between classes because there are no ramps. He uses a wheelchair to get to and from school.

Pg 154: The rainy season contaminates the streams with human and animal wastes. This leads to diseases such as dysentery, cholera, and foot-and-mouth. Babies die from diarrhea; children have coughs, swollen feet, and colds made worse by drinking polluted water.

Pg 155: Even with filtered water, problems still occur with sickness because the containers are not clean.

Pg 156: People were getting sick from drinking a pub owner’s beer because of the polluted water.

Pg 157: Scovia is in the hospital because of AIDS.

Chapter 21:

Pg 164: An Anti-AIDS club is formed at Kambuga Secondary School and performs dances and songs. Brochures were passed out about HIV transmission. “ABCD: Abstinence, Be faithful, use Condoms, or Death”. There is no cure for AIDS.

Chapter 22:

Pg 169-170: Nyaka School had an essay competition and the subject was “What has been the impact of HIV/AIDS in your community?” This helps discuss the problem and dispel the stigma surrounding the disease. In rural communities, people are illiterate, and myths about AIDS are abundant. Some believe it is caused by witchcraft and can be transmitted by touch. This is why people are shunned and ostracized due to the illness. Some believe condoms have been infected with HIV/AIDS from other governments to destroy the African people, or that the virus can only affect a certain class. People believe there is a magic pill and buy fake remedies. The biggest myth is that AIDS can be cured by having sex with a virgin. Many girls get raped and the disease spreads rapidly.

The students at Nyaka were tested for HIV/AIDS and were treated those who showed signs of slim. The poor die of AIDS and the rich die when their money for treatment runs out.

Chapter 23:

Pg 177: Twesigye goes to the hospital to visit Scovia, his niece who is dying of AIDS. The ward was packed with kids suffering from tuberculosis or malaria.

Chapter 24:

Pg 181: Twesigye’s maternal grandmother was hospitalized after the birth of her last child because of bleeding problems and spent several months there recuperating.

Pg 184: The Good Semeratan can be applied to the HIV/AIDS pandemic that has claimed 40 million lives, turned 15 million into widows, and robbed 14 million children of parents.

Pg 185: Many Christians believed that AIDS was retribution from God for sinful behavior.

Religious establishments ignored the pandemic while secular community members reached out; The UN, the Gates Foundation, Oprah, Elizabeth Taylor, Bono, and the homosexual community.

Chapter 25:

Pg 188: The Anti-AIDS Choir traveled the district and sang on weekends and public holidays.

Pg 191: Every AIDS orphan who completes their primary education represents a vote for a better future.

Pg 193-195: Many African countries struggle with the stigma of AIDS, causing orphans to fend for themselves, but the stigma is being overcome and people are talking about the disease more openly.

Chapter 26:

Pg 198: A boy from Nyaka was killed by lightening.

Pg 199: No birth control, family planning, and a soaring population before the AIDS crisis has made each generation’s share of land smaller.

Chapter 27:

No discussion of sickness/wounds.

Chapter 28:

Pg 217: Izidol, a student at Nyaka, wants to be a doctor and thinks he can end AIDS with his hospitals.

Pg 219: Masaka and Rakai are some of the areas most devastated by the AIDS epidemic.

Chapter 29:

No discussion of sickness/wounds.

Chapter 30:

Pg 233: Scovia died of AIDS. 1/3 of infected pregnant women who go untreated pass HIV on to their babies. A drug called Neverapine reduces the transmission from mother to child to 1%, but it is a dollar a dose and too expensive.

Pg 236: Every day in Uganda, 1,400 mothers pass HIV on to their newborns.

Chapter 31:

Pg 239: Grandmothers from Africa along with facilitators were given a forum to speak about their experiences with the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

Pg 244: One grandma from South Africa spoke about losing two daughters and a grandson and also about taking care of her remaining grandson who was HIV positive. One woman from Zambia took care of 8 orphans and helped look after 60 others in a children’s center. One grandmother who was HIV-positive worked to support 28 dependents. Another woman’s son poured gasoline on himself and set himself on fire when he learned he was HIV positive.

Pg 246: Grandmothers lose their children and parent their grandchildren.

Chapter 32:

The children overcome the stigma of disease and graduate!


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