The Price of Stones-Politics

Chapter 1

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Chapter 2

p11- Kaguri had never heard of human rights statement written by United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

p 12- Kaguri translated the message and as a “leader” passed on the message to the members of his community

p 13- Ugandans turn to shamans and homemade remedies to help AIDS (slim).  These people believe that education on AIDS could save more lives, but they need government intervention/aid to educate.  For example, the woman on the bus was afraid she would get AIDS by eating/interacting with those who have it.  Ugandans are ignorant of its causes.

p 14- 1958-1961 Uganda boycott colonial rule (British and Asians in control of economic system there)

1962 Uganda declared independence and the head of the Buganda tribal group became new president—Kabaka Mutesa.  And new prime minister was Apollo Milton Obote (not from Buganda).

1966 Obote exiled Mutesa.

p 15- 1971 Obote overthrown by Idi Amin with support from Britain, Israel, Western Powers and people of Buganda.  His rule led to tyranny for 8 years; there were many executions—the soldiers ruled the countryside which led to kidnappings, rape and ransacking of businesses and homes.

Amin controlled the foreign media.

The government was associated with terror and cruelty.

1968 Lieutenant General Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (current president) settled government through guerrilla warfare (military leader went against Amin and fellow soldiers)

Museveni encouraged condom use.  He promoted HIV/AIDS prevention on billboards and through educational brochures.

Chapter 3

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Chapter 4

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Chapter 5

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Chapter 6

p 51- In Uganda there are some government run schools, but most schools are run through private organizations or churches.

Chapter 7

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Chapter 8

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Chapter 9

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Chapter 10

p 78- Jackson spoke with government officials to approve the building of the new school before returning to the US.

p 84-85- Jackson invites Honorable Minister Professor Mondo Kagonyera to school’s opening to show students education can lead to great success, even during Amin’s rule (1971-1979).

1986 Museveni in power during Civil War when Uganda National Liberation Army overthrown.

P 86- District officials made speech at opening of school stating that there were 4000 AIDS orphans in the area of Kambuga.

Chapter 11

P88- Terry Self suggests that Kaguri takes advantage of the HIV/AIDS trip President Bush was taking to Africa.  As well as call The Bloomington Times to advertise or make Nyaka school known to the public in order to receive more donations.

Chapter 12

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Chapter 13

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Chapter 14

P107-1997 The Museveni government made primary education available to everyone without tuition in Uganda.  Although this was a great idea, there was no money to fund this.  The teacher to student ratio in some places was 1:100 and there were limited school supplies and infrastructure available.

Upon hearing this news on his visit to Uganda, Kaguri was approached by a headmistress from a government run school asking for financial support from America.  Kaguri doubts he will find aid for a government run school.

Chapter 15

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Chapter 16

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Chapter 17

P127-Morniing radio informs Kaguri that Milton Obote is recently deceased (dictator before and after Amin).  When military coup forced Obote from power, he escaped to political asylum in Zambia.

P129-During Amin’s regime (dictatorship) he did construct sturdy buildings in Kampala—basically the only thing he positively contributed.

P130- Mondo tells Kaguri if only government wasn’t so involved with bribes and favors, the education system in Uganda would receive more attention from the government.

And in order to control government corruption, Uganda needs educated people.

P131- Uganda Education System- 7 years of primary school, 4 years of secondary school, 2 years of high school and 2-5 years of higher education.

Higher education used to be free, but now the funding goes toward free primary education.

P132- Police beatings should be something of the past, but still corrupt government in Uganda.  For example, Milton (works for Nyaka school) beaten by bus people and police officer for supposedly taking a box of calling cards without any proof to support it.

Mondo going to continue with case with other government officials, even after police dropped charges against Milton.

Chapter 18

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Chapter 19

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Chapter 20

P151- English is the state language in Uganda.

P153- Dennis hopes to receive  government funding for the next water system at Nyaka because he feels all schools could use water system like theirs, but Kaguri doesn’t think they should wait for government intervention because that could take a long time.

Local council had been fighting hard for government aid.

P156- without clean water the pub owners would have been threatened to close establishments by the chief.  I think they mean the chief of their clan.

Chapter 21

P 164-ABCD Program (Abstinence, Be faithful, Condoms or Death) very successful at lowering AIDS infection rates in 1990s, but when President Bush started offering faith-based, abstinence-only aid President Museveni supported program.  Due to this, fewer condoms were available and infection rates increased.

Chapter 22

P172-173- Health and education departments threatening to shut down Nyaka school because inspectors had not filed necessary reports—reason for this is that inspectors refuse to travel to school because of long distance.  They expect a bribe: a bribe Nyaka refuses to pay.  They do not support corruption.

Kaguri goes to Josephine Kasya and Peter Mugisha (governor and district chairperson about inspections.

Chapter 23

P177-local hospital lacks government funding too. They don’t have electricity, they depend on generators. Now there’s a co-pay of 80cents, which most people can’t afford.

Chapter 24

P181-In 1970s Amin’s militia searched for members of other faiths than Islam, Catholicism, Anglicanism and Greek Orthodoxy.  Amin declared that Fridays would be the day of rest and Saturday would be school and work day.  He did this because this would prevent people from unsanctioned churches to attend Seventh-day Adventists services on Saturdays.

P182- Kaguri’s grandfather worked hard to build a Seventh-day Adventist church regardless of Amin’s plans.  Amin eventually closed the church, but Stephano (Kaguri’s grandfather) had much land and continued having secret services.

Secret services known and grandfather arrested for faith practices.

1979 Amin forced from power by Ugandan exiles and Tanzanian army fighters.

Chapter 25

P191- Freedom from Britain did not mean freedom from poverty or politics—celebration of Independence Day, but note that there is still corruption within their own country.

Kaguri believes that the education he provides these children could lead to their political input in the future.

P193-many government officials attend Independence Day events, including Hamlet Mbabazi, the founder of CHIRCOD (Child to Family Community Development Organization) and a member of Parliament.

Miliarty marched around in celebration and students followed.

P194-Politicians make speeches with promises for the future at the celebration: including increasing literacy rate, bring safe drinking water and expansion in the silk industry.

Chapter 26

P198-199- Kaguri informs Josephine that he spoke with Peter at the restaurant about the problems Nyaka is facing with the inspectors, hoping she would chime in with her input.

P200-Josephine wants to be able to help, but doesn’t see how children without parents can have a secure future.  There’s a need for vocational schools.

Need to bring in people educated in healthcare.

P201-Josephine gives Kaguri a documentary video to spread word of Uganda and bring tourism into the country with Uganda’s mountain gorillas, but need to improve roads and electricity for success.

P202-Kaguri tells Josephine about problems with inspectors and she decides to get involved—her solution if the inspectors do not have the budget to travel, then maybe they would have to fire a few inspectors to free up money for the budget.

Chapter 27

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Chapter 28

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Chapter 29

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Chapter 30

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Chapter 31

P238- Inspectors did not approve their kitchen and said Nyaka needed a trash pit—other schools’ facilities were worse off compared to Nyaka.  The inspectors were still looking for a bribe that Kaguri would not give.

P245- governments could pass laws, write legislatation and send money that never reached the grannies, but the grannies had the power to save Africa’s orphaned children.

Chapter 32

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