Archaeological Site of Olympia

world heritage site

world heritage site

Background:

Name: Archaeological Site of Olympia

Country: Greece

Year added to World Heritage List: 1989

Criteria: (i) The site of Olympia represents a masterpiece of human creative genius;

(ii) The site of Olympia exhibits an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design.

(iii) The site of Olympia bears a unique or at least exceptional testimony to cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared.

(iv) The site of Olympia is an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates significant stages in human history.

(vi) The site of Olympia is to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.

The total number of Cultural or Mixed Heritage Sites Located in that Country: 17

Basic Archaeological Site Information

How big is the archaeological site?: 106 ha

Time Period: 10th Century B.C.

Cultural Period: Middle Hellenic and Mycenaean Periods.

Civilization Of Peloponnesos

Summary:

Olympia is the centre for the worship of Zeus, which is in a valley in the Peloponnesos. There were ancient civilizations of the Peloponnesos. The Archaeological site of Olympia is at the foot of the Kronion Hill which makes a triangular alluvial platform by the Alpheios and the Kladeous.  There were religious centers for worshiping. The religious centers were during the Hellenic period. The first big excavation of Olympia was in 1875. This was “funded” by the German Government. There were many people throughout the years who took over the site as well. The name Olympia is “described” as the Wooded Valley, where it was referred to the scared mountain of Olympia. The Olympic games were celebrated every year beginning in 776 B.C. The Olympiad was every four years which was many events that brought many people from all over the world to come and watch.

Threats: There are no known threats to this site.

Fun Facts: The Olympiad was a celebration which dating played a part in it.

http://www.olympia-greece.org/site.html

whc.unesco.org/en/list/517


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