Archaeological Site of Delphi
- The name of the site is the Archaeological Site of Delphi.
- The site is located in Prefecture of Phokis, Region of Central Greece
- The archaeological site was added to the World Heritage List in 1987
- The criteria the site was nominated for is as followed: i. to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius; ii. to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of landscape design;iii. to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared; iv. to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history; vi. to be directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance. (The Committee considers that this criterion should preferably be used in conjunction with other criteria).
- The total number of Cultural or Mixed Heritage Sites in Greece is 17.
- The archaeological site size is 51 ha
- The time period is 1600-1100 BC
- A cultural period that the site is said to be from is the Mycenaean period.
- Some cultural groups associated with the site are the Romans, the Slavs, the Aetolians, the Persians and the Greeks.
- The archaeological Site of Delphi is known for the place where the oracle of Apollo spoke in the Pan-Hellenic sanctuary. It was famous during the period of Ancient Greece as the “navel of the world”. The site is also known for the most important monuments like: Temple of Apollo, Treasury of the Athenians, Altar of Chains, Stoa of Athenians, theatre, stadium, Castalian Spring, and the polygonal wall. Some known people who conquered the sanctuary are the Aetolians, the Slavs, the Romans and Theodosius the Great. The settlement took place in Delphi, because during the Mycenaean period, “the female deity of Earth was worshiped” (UNESCO) there. The “first excavations undertaken by German archaeologists. The “Great Excavation” was led by the French School at Athens under charter from the Greek government” (Heritage Key) in the 1860s. There is an archaeological museum on site that contains important ancient Greek artifacts from the excavation process.
Threats: There are no known threats on this site.
- No colony was founded around the Mediterranean without consent of the sanctuary of Delphi.
- The variety of functions that took place at the oracle of Delphi ranged from athletic games and cultural events to Delphic festivals.