L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site


  • Name of the Archeological Site: L’Anse aux Meadows
  • Country Location: Canada
  • Year added to the World Heritage List: 1978
  • Criteria site was nominated for: (vi)-L’Anse aux Meadows is the first and only known site established by Vikings in North America and the earliest evidence of European settlement in the New World. As such, it is a unique milestone in the history of human migration and discovery.
  • Total number Cultural or Mixed Heritage sites in Canada: 6 cultural sites

Basic Archaelogical Site Information

  • Archaeological Site Size: I was unable to find this information.
  • Time Period Represented by site: 990-1050 AD
  • Cultural Period Site is from: Viking Age
  • Cultural Group site associated with: Norse/Viking Settlement

Archaeological Summary

L’Anse aux Meadows was occupied by Vikings led by Leif Eiriksson around 1000 BC. During this time, sailors were exploring and the Vikings established the first known European settlement here North America. Vikings recorded their adventures in books called sagas. L’Anse aux Meadows was first discovered through these writings by Helge and Anne Stine Ingstand. Excavation on the site began in 1961 and continued until 1968. The settlement was made up of eight longhouses, one forge, and four workshops. Many different metal objects were found through out the settlement including needles, pins, nails, and various other tools. Through the findings of needles, it is assumed that not only did men live there but women did too.

Threats/ Status

There are no known threats to the area at this time.



The 1st picture was taken by chrisqNL and the second was taken by Rosino. Both are from flickr.

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