L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site

Background:

  • Name of Archaeological site- L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site
  • Country it is located today- off the Great Northern Peninsula, the Island of Newfoundland-Canada
  • Year it was added to the World Heritage List1978
  • The criteria that the site was nominated for– (vi): having direct/tangible association to do with living traditions and/or events, as well as associating ideas and/or beliefs with artistic and literacy that has outstanding universal significance.
  • Total number of Cultural or Mixed Heritage Sites Located- There are 15.

Basic Archaeological Site information:

  • Site size- Information not available.
  • Time period L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site represents- AD 400-700.

Archaeological summary:

L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site has the remains of an 11th century Viking settlement. Thus, brings evidence of the first European presence in North America!  Thanks to a palaeo-ecological study that was making use out of seed and pollen fossils, an excavation was done. It was also followed by an extensive laboratory study. From the seed and pollen fossils, long-term landscape and some surroundings of human settlement were able to be reconstructed.

Thanks to the excavations, there was interesting information provided about how they settled there and how their lifestyles may have consisted. There were large houses; the biggest rooms measuring at 24m x 4.5m and 19m x 14m. Just that information alone showed that their building techniques were similar to those in Norway among the same time period!

 Threats/Status:

There are no known threats to this site at this time.

Media/Links:

L’Anse aux Meadows National Historic Site: Photo by Dick Houghtton

227569092_719aa0ce7a.jpg

Image by: Dragonwoman from flickr.com

 

http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/docs/rspm-whsr/rapports-reports/r6.aspx

http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/progs/spm-whs/itm2.aspx

http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/progs/spm-whs/itm2/site1.aspx

http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/4/

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