I looked for examples of both material and intrinsic value within the memoir.

Chapter One

  • Home. “But to me Darfur means something quite different. It was and is that irreplaceable, unfathomable joy that is home.” (4)
  • Village naming ceremony. It brings honor to the family of the newborn. (5-7)
  • White eyelash. It is a sign of luck and signifies good fortune in the future. (9)
  • Camels (form of wealth in Darfur). (9)

Chapter Two

  • Scarring. It is a sign of beauty and shows to which tribe you belong. (13-14)
  • “Plump” female figures. It is a sign of beauty and healthiness. (14)
  • Ability to “keep” a man. A ‘real’ woman’s husband does not leave her. (26)

Chapter Three

  • Zaghawa “warrior spirit”. You are supposed to be proud to be a Zaghawa. (27)
  • Eating together. It is a time of community bonding and it is not good to eat alone. (28)
  • Gold. Grandma would hide all of her grandchildren’s gold to keep it safe. (43)

Chapter Four (no discussion of value)

Chapter Five

  • Female circumcision. It signifies a transition into womanhood and a woman is almost considered unclean if she is not circumcised. (57)
  • An education. Halima is sent to the “big school”. (60)

Chapter Six (no discussion of value)

Chapter Seven (no discussion of value)

Chapter Eight

  • The Zaghawa. It is an honor for Halima to be a Zaghawa warrior. (98)
  • Material wealth. It brings Halima’s Arab friend prestige. (99)
  • Conversation. Grandma would rather have people converse than watch TV. (104)
  • Freedom. Halima’s father loves Dolly Rathebe because “she sings about the rights of the black man to Africa”. (105)

Chapter Nine

  • Chastity. “City girls” were considered “loose and immoral”. (106)
  • Gifts. Mo and Omer become jealous of Halima. (109)

Chapter Ten (no discussion of value)

Chapter Eleven

  • An education. Even Grandma is proud of Halima. (133)

Chapter Twelve

  • Friendship. Halima treasures her relationship with Rania. (140)

Chapter Thirteen

  • An honest grade. The people away fighting are given better grades and this disturbs Halima. (156)

Chapter Fourteen

  • Healing plants. Some herbs seem to have benefits. (161)

Chapter Fifteen

  • Medical equipment. The elderly Zaghawa women just want Halima to listen to their hearts or take their blood pressures. (171)

Chapter Sixteen (no discussion of value)

Chapter Seventeen

  • Family. It means safety for Halima. (192)
  • Hospitality. Traditional Zaghawa story about how you should never refuse a stranger food or shelter. (193)

Chapter Eighteen (no discussion of value)

Chapter Nineteen

  • Dignity. It is better for a woman to die than be raped. (216)

Chapter Twenty

  •  Fighting spirit. Halima feels like she needs her grandma’s strength more than ever. (231)

Chapter Twenty-One (no discussion of value)

Chapter Twenty-Two (no discussion of value)

Chapter Twenty-Three (no discussion of value)

Chapter Twenty-Four (no discussion of value)

Chapter Twenty-Five (no discussion of value)

Chapter Twenty-Six (no discussion of value)

Chapter Twenty-Seven

  • Halima’s son. She now considers him the reason for life. (296)



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