Tears of the Desert-Infrastructure

Chapter 1

p. 6 Father tells Halima about his work and travels. “buying and selling cattle, goats, and camels,…travels across the deserts and mountains of Darfur.”

Chapter 2

p. 20 Rivers flow only during the rainy season and drinking water comes from “a well in the village center.”

p. 24 Irrigation ditch is full of warm, brownish water.

p. 25 A man in the village filled up an oil tank with water during the night. In the mornings he went around selling the water to people. “…he’d use his standard water container, a koii, to measure out the amount of water you wanted.”

Chapter 3

No infrastructure was discussed.

Chapter 4

No infrastructure was discussed.

Chapter 5

pg. 62 The road is described as being “a series of rough tracks”

Chapter 6

pg. 69 Halima goes to school.

pg. 73 Halima talks about the route her and Mona took to get home. “Our route took us through the bustling marketplace and past the central mosque…”

Chapter 7

pg. 84 Halima is talking about how when an airplane flies over they shout “Khawajat! Kawajat! Kawajat!” and “Plane Number Three! Plane Number Three! This is Plane Number Three!” Kawajat: white people.

pg 87 Halima mentions that her village only washes on Fridays because the water supply was short.

Chapter 8

pg. 101 Halima’s father returns with a T.V.

pg. 104 Halima mentions that many children in the village came to watch their television. Her family’s favorite cartoon was Tom and Jerry.

pg. 105 “My father was an avid watcher of anything to do with race and politics in South Africa.”

Chapter 9

pg. 112 Halima talks about how Mousa was flown all the way to Nigeria, to see the Fakirs. (Flown=use of an airplane)

Chapter 10

pg 117 Halima’s family had to travel to a wedding “in a big truck that doubled as a the village bus.”

pg. 121 Halima’s family returns home from the wedding by a donkey cart.

Chapter 11

pg. 128 Exam results were announced on national television.

pg. 132 Kadima’s uncle tells halima that he had heard her name on the radio.

(television and radio are a form of communication infrastructure)

Chapter 12

pg 137 Halima takes a train to her university.

pg 138 When Halima and her father got off the train, they got a taxi.

pg 141 “A tee-lined avenue led into campus from the main road.”

pg. 141 Halima talks about how there were regular power cuts.

pg. 142 “There was no running water in the dorms.” They had to get buckets of water from the well.

Chapter 13

pg. 150 “I had taken the train to Hashama, and the truck back to the village.”

Chapter 14

pg. 161 There was an attack at the airport in El Fasher.  Several airplanes were destroyed.

Chapter 15

No infrastructure was discussed.

Chapter 16

pg. 182 Halima mentions that in her village “there is lack of good water and little health provision. And the government does little to help.”

pg 183 Halima is asked to go with some policemen.

pg 184 The police are described as being “notoriously brutal” and “all-powerful.”

(police are a form of service)

Chapter 17

pg 190 Halima receives a letter from the Health Ministry to begin working at the regional clinic in Mazkhabad.

pg 192 Halima travels to Mazkhabad by truck and describes the road outside of the city. “the road became rough and difficult, the truck bouncing through potholes, throwing people off of their feet.”

Chapter 18

pg. 205 “radiotelephone” – a radio that had a cable antenna hung up in a tree. It allowed for telephone calls to any number in the country. Most of the time it didn’t work.

pg. 206 The Mazkhabad police come to the clinic and rudely demand a list of patients from Halima.

Chapter 19

pg. 218 Government soldiers surrounded the school where the girls were raped by the janjaweed. Anyone who came too close was shot at.

pg. 220 Two men from the United Nations arrived to ask about the school raping.

Chapter 20

pg. 223 Halima is taken to a military camp.

Chapter 21

No infrastructure discussed.

Chapter 22

pg. 239 A helicopter is referred to as “Airplane with a fan.”

pg. 245 SLA- Sudan Liberation Army- rebel fighters.

pg. 245 The livestock and crops had been destroyed by the Janjaweed.

Chapter 23

pg. 249 “Even the village water pump had been torn to pieces.”

pg. 249 The Arab tribes were poorer than Halima’s village.

pg. 254 Halima left her village. She walked along the railroad track; hiding from every train that passed by.

Chapter 24

pg. 261 The road is described as being rough.

pg. 268 Halima takes a plane out of Sudan.

Chapter 25

pg. 271 Halima takes a taxi to her destination from the airport.

pg. 272 The Taxi driver tells Halima to go ask the policemen for Asylum.

pg. 276 Halima is sent to the asylum hostel.

pg. 278 Halima is sent to see the GP, and then is sent to the hospital.

p. 279 Halima gets a lawyer.

Chapter 26

pg.281 Halima goes to the Medical Foundation for the Care of Victims of Torture.

pg. 281 Halima begins an English course at a local college.

pg. 283 Halima and her husband take a “red London bus to Shepherd’s Bush Market.”

pg. 283 Sharif had attended university of Khartoum.

Chapter 27

pg. 288 Halima takes a train to London to prepare an appeal.

pg. 292 “I remembered my father tuning his little radio into the BBC World Service.”

pg.292 Halima shares her story with BBC and it is broadcasted on television.

Chapter 28

pg. 299 The policemen take Sharif.

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